Bengali for Baba Ganoush....Begun Pora

"So what are you making for dinner tonight?"

"Begun pora"

"You mean baigan bharta."

"No begun pora"

"It's the same thing, baigan ka bharta"

"No, this is not like baigan ka bharta. it is not a liquidy over spice goop. This is delicately spiced, smoked and you will be able to taste the baigan (egg plant). It's like a baba ganoush. Served warm though"

At the end of dinner:

"You are right. This is not baigan ka bharta. It tastes out of the world"

It had been ages since I made begun pora (literally 'burnt brinjal'), the Bengali smoked brinjal dish. In fact I doubt if I had made it ever since we moved into our current apartment. I suddenly remembered it the other night when I was editing the note which my mom has written on our years at Iran in the end seventies. There she had mentioned a 'baigan ka bharta' like dish while describing the food at Iran. I suspect that she was talking of baba ganoush. The Mediterranean Arabian dish of similar lineage.

Baigan ka bharta is a more Punjabi or North Indian form of the dish. The only place whose baigan ka bharta I have eaten is that from Khaane Khaas at Bandra. Kaianaz likes that quite a bit. I don't. I find the consistency too liquidy with the seeds of the egg plant sticking out like the scales of a Martian. Plus I find it too spicy. The over powering taste of garam masala kills the dish for me. Aubergines or brinjals, in my world, should be treated delicately. Now, the only problem is that I don't know whether this is how baigan ka bharta is meant to be. Or whether this is Khaane Khaas's take on the dish.

Begun pora was a fairly regular dish at our dinner table while I was growing up. You would smoke it on an open flame and then mildly saute it with some spices. We used to eat it with rotis. The authentic Bengali Begun Pora would be seasoned with mustard oil. We didn't use mustard oil in our house. I don't like it. Never did. I never took the recipe from my mom. But the begun poras that I havee made do bring back the taste of the begun poras that I grew up on.

Purists might argue that my mustard oil sans begun pora is as 'authentic' as an olive oil biriyani but still, here's the recipe:


  • Take a largish aubergine (egg plant, brinjal)
  • Slice it in a criss cross manner right up to the stem. This will ensure that the brinjal smokes properly all through. 
  • Drizzle some oil on the cut surface of the brinjal. I used olive oil. My ancestors would use mustard oil. The point is to ensure that the brinjal doesn't get all sticky inside 
Cook: Stage 1: Smoking up

  • Switch on the burner and place the brinjal on the open flame. Kept turning after every 10,20 seconds so that it gets heated evenly. Soon you will hear a hissing sound as the juices of the brinjal hit its hot burning skin and sometimes hit the flame too. A heady smoky aroma will fill the kitchen. Keep turning the brinjal till it cooks evenly and softens inside. The firm white flesh of the vegetable should became near translucent in colour
  • Peel the skin. It would have begun to crackle and come off. The surface would be hot. Use a fork or a knife to scrape off the skin. Unless the brinjal cooled down while you  took a million photographs the way I did. In which case you can use your fingers to peel of the crackling skin

Cook: Stage 2: Spicing it up

  • Heat some oil in a sauce pan and saute about 2 tablespoons of finely chopped onions
  • As the onions become transparent, add 2 tablespoons of finely chopped tomatoes
  • Once the tomatoes softens add the peeled and smoked brinjal
  • Add some mild spices to this - 1 teaspoon each of cumin and coriander powders, half a teaspoon each of salt and red chilly powder. You don't want the spices to hide the taste of smoked brinjal. 
  • Add some finely chopped green chillies and then mash the mixture with a ladle.
  • The dish should ready in about 4,5 minutes from here
  • Top it with coriander and eat it with roti and daal

Try it and let me know if you think that begun pora is baigan ka bharta.

In my opinion begun pora is to baigan ka bharta what the Bengali 'Mahanayak' (film hero) Uttam Kumar was to Pubjab Da Puttar and rather macho film hero, Dharmendra.

Uttam Kumar. Pic credit:

Dharmendra. Pic credit:


nice..I like baigan pora,baigan da baharta..its awesome!!
try it with tandoori roti and raita!
thanks for sharing!
Gastronomist said…
I think it is the same. I haven't eaten Baingan Ka Bharta in a restaurant but what we make at home is pretty much the same only difference being that we add julienned ginger.
Scarlett said…
Kalyan, this is indeed baingan ka bharta. This is how my mom makes it as well, except I don't think she adds cumin & coriander powders. She puts onions, garlic, green chillies & tomatoes, and garnishes with coriander leaves.

BTW, in one of the episodes of Take Home Chef Curtis Stone served baingan ka bharta along with bite-sized pieces of pita bread, as a starter. Except he made it the Mediterranean way, so it had olive oil. He first smoked the brinjal on a gas top, then put it in the oven along with a generous drizzle of olive oil & a whole garlic. And then seasoned it. Seemed like it would taste heavenly, though I suspect that may have been partly b/c of Curtis Stone :D
jjs said…
I only make it a bit different, as I make smaller slits with green chillies and garlic stuffed inside. In delhi baigan ka bharta is easily available in dhabas and veg eating places, but the same are very spicy. In north indian homes the usage of tomato is more and they use a lot of garam masala which I don't. Once I had a baigan ka bharta who had used peas.I liked it and I make begun pora with matar shuti, except in my home pora is only allowed on monday, tuesday and saturday and as saturday is no onion no garlic, so begun pora only on 2 days.
Unknown said…
Nice! I like the comparison between Uttam K and Daddy Deol. But Kalyan, the little I know about Begun Pora is that its not cooked after its fire roasted. You add the onions, green chilies, fresh coriander and mustard oil in the raw. Else, it becomes baingan ka bharta. My Mum also adds baby green peas to the tatka begun pora sometimes. And I still use mustard oil to zing it up. Begun Pora and Ruti for us is manna from heaven.
deseng said…
We make it with raw onions only. And mustard oil of course.

BTW if you are worried doing it on the open flame use an iron griddle/tawa
Unknown said…
Lovely pics, Kalyan. The picture of the finished dish is very yummy and inviting. I've had baingan ka bharta once or twice in restaurants here but I didn't care for them. I make a brinjal dish using all the same ingredients minus the smoking part. I think I'll have to make it this way soon.
And nice job comparing two such handsome guys to brinjal dishes! :-bd :D

Kankana said…
Begun Pora is my fav bengali dish and i can't make it that way any more .. because .. because now i stay in US with my husband and this city doesn't have flame gas in our apartment .. or most apartment out here .. we have to depend on heat coil .. hence i bake it in oven and make baigan ka bharta ( minus the smoke ) !!
I am new blogger and came across your as I was hoping around .. I will learn a lot from here :)
Pia said…
its a bangali version of baigan bharta. Loved it

Cook Healthy!!
Kalyan Karmakar said…
Well it seems like my begun pora is the way North Indian mothers make their baigan ka bharta :) Which probably explains what you said Pree on the real Bengali way

@Harman...I nice hot tandoori roti should go well with it

@Anurag, I did think of adding fresh ginger. Should be a good touch

@Shobita, well guess there is only that much one can write about Baigan before you need to get in Bollywood and Tollywood to liven up things

@Kankana, welcome to blogging. Hope you enjoy it as much as I do :) Maybe you can take an egg plant next time you go to an American Barbecue

@Scarlett: Well I made it with Olive Oil too. Your pick ;)

@jjs thanks for sharing, I'll try garlic the next time

@deseng, well that seems to be closer to the Bengali version that Pree speaks of

@Pia, thanks :)
Sunshinemom said…
Well, this is my baingan bharta definitely! Only I do not slit the baingan when I char it.
Eat2live2travel said…
This comment has been removed by the author.
Eat2live2travel said…
Nice presentation...Beautiful pics...

And this is definitely Baigan Bharta...
Being a North Indian...I can say that Baigan Bharta is never liquidy and over spiced...
And being married to a Bengali... I can say that this is Baigan Bharta version of Begun Pora.. :))